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NOSTALGIE

Met een nostalgische terugblik zijn hier niet alleen onderwerpen te vinden betreffende de radio-, tv- en zendamateurhobby, maar uiteraard ook van andere historische betekenis.

 

Elk begin van de maand is hier ‘Hans Knot’s International Radio Report’ met een nodtalgische terugblik naar de voormalige zeezenders te lezen – KLIK AFBEELDING

 
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Wo.16-3-2016: Schenectady Shortwave Transmitters, 1941The

General Electric Co. was truly among America’s premier broadcasting companies.

In addition to developing much of early broadcast technology and building a trio of high-power AM stations in the early 1920s - WGY Schenectady, N.Y.; KOA Denver; and KGO Oakland, Calif. - GE was also the country’s pioneer shortwave broadcaster.

GE’s initial shortwave station, 2XI, first broadcast in 1923, and in 1924 it was used to relay WGY’s programs for to KOA and KGO for rebroadcast in the western U.S.

By 1925, there were two experimentally licensed shortwave stations in Schenectady: W2XAD and W2XAF. A third GE station in San Francisco, W6XBE, was added in 1939.

That was the year that the Federal Communications Commission allowed the country’s experimental shortwave stations to relicense as commercial operations, and these three GE stations received the call signs WGEA, WGEO and KGEI, respectively.

Read the full Radio World story 'Schenectady Shortwave Transmitters, 1941' by John F. Schneider
http://www.radioworld.com/article/schenectady-shortwave-transmitters-1941/278353

Our thanks to Mike Terry for spotting this item
BRON: http://www.southgatearc.org/index.htm

 
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Ma.14-3-2016: Ham Radio History: King Hussein JY1

In 1999, the Guardian newspaper reported on the amateur radio contact between Henry Balen G4MHB and King Hussein of Jordan JY1

King Hussein and several members of his family were issued with amateur radio licences. He was a regular on the airwaves until he passed away on February 7, 1999.

Read the Guardian story at
http://www.theguardian.com/theguardian/1999/feb/11/features11.g22

The Guardian mentions the 1983 contact between JY1 and astronaut Owen Garriott W5LFL. A recording of the contact is available at
http://www.southgatearc.org/news/february2010/w5lfl_jy1_qso.htm

JY1 featured in the amateur radio promotional film "The World of Amateur Radio"
http://www.southgatearc.org/news/october2011/the_world_of_amateur_radio_with_directors_comments.htm

JY1 was made an honorary member of the Radio Society of Harrow in 1971
http://www.g3efx.org.uk/silentkeys/jy1/
BRON: http://www.southgatearc.org/index.htm

 
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Wo.30-9-2015: BAYRISCHER RUNDFUNK SLUIT 4 MIDDENGOLFZENDERS OM 12.45 UUR

Aus für Mittelwelle: Auch BR beendet MW-Ausstrahlung

FOTO: Der 1. transistorbetriebene UKW-Reiseempfänger "Vagant-R 100" (l) aus dem Jahre 1965 und das Röhrengerät Bernau-E 2001 aus dem Jahre 1960, aufgenommen in Berlin. | Bild: picture-alliance/dpa 

Alles hat seine Zeit – die der Mittelwelle währte lang und geht jetzt zu Ende. Was andere ARD-Sender bereits vollzogen haben, passiert jetzt auch beim Bayerischen Rundfunk: Am 30. September 2015 wird die Radioübertragung via Mittelwelle abgeschaltet. In den Kindertagen des Hörfunks, in den 20er-Jahren des vergangenen Jahrhunderts, galt Mittelwelle als HiTech. Dass sich der Hörfunk zu einem weltweit populären, fast überall zu empfangenden Medienangebot entwickelt hat, war bis in die 50er-Jahre hinein der Mittelwelle zu verdanken. Doch inzwischen sind es nur noch Liebhaber, die den Empfang von Programmen, die über Mittewelle ausgestrahlt werden, genießen. Sie drehen ganz vorsichtig am Regler und freuen sich, wenn das Pfeifen und Rauschen leiser wird.

BR-uitzending “EINBLICK”
4. Oktober 2015
VIDEO - Von Global Games bis Bandpromotion: http://www.br.de/mediathek/video/sendungen/einblick/einblick-154.html

Die Themen bei Einblick im Oktober 2015:

◾Tier- und Naturfilmer heute: So arbeitet Jan Haft
◾Aus für Mittelwelle: Auch BR beendet MW-Ausstrahlung
◾Global Games: Wenn Computerspiele nicht nur unterhalten wollen
◾Musik, die jeder hören möchte: Bandpromotion einst und jetzt
◾Buchhandlung: Von der Keimzelle des intellektuellen Protests zum Auslaufmodell

VIDEO 1 - Bayerischer Rundfunk stellt Mittelwelle ein: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sWzySfcvvaE

VIDEO 2 - Abschaltung Mittelwelle in Bayern Bayern plus: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S8TRWnsFilY

Zie ook:
INFO - BR-Empfang über Mittelwelle: http://www.br.de/unternehmen/inhalt/technik/rundfunktechnik-radio-mittelwelle100.html

INFO - Rundfunksender in Bayern: http://www.wabweb.net/radio/sender/ismaning.htm


= ADIEU, MITTELWELLE: EIN STÜCK RADIOKULTUR VERSCHWINDET

Veröffentlicht am 29. September 2015

Der Abschied vom Mittelwellenrundfunk geht weiter: Am Mittwoch wird um 12.45 Uhr der Bayerische Rundfunk seine vier Sender abschalten, die auf 729 kHz und 801 kHz das Programm von Bayern plus übertragen. Zuletzt hatten nach allen anderen ARD-Anstalten der Norddeutsche Rundfunk und der Westdeutsche Rundfunk die Verbreitung ihrer Programme auf Mittelwelle eingestellt, sodass ab Mittwochnachmittag nur noch der Deutschlandfunk und der Saarländische Rundfunk (Antenne Saar) aus Deutschland auf diesem Frequenzbereich ihre Programme ausstrahlen werden, bis dann an Silvester auch diese Wellen abgeschaltet werden. Abgesehen davon sendet auch das American Forces Network (AFN), der Soldatensender der US-Streitkräfte, momentan noch mit schwacher Sendeleistung auf zwei Mittelwellenfrequenzen, will sich davon aber bis Ende des Jahres ebenfalls trennen.

Sind diese Abschaltungen gerechtfertigt?
Rundfunkenthusiasten bedauern den Mittelwellensendeschluss. Tatsächlich ist dieser Frequenzbereich für passionierte Radiohörer ein Faszinosum. So können, je nach Jahreszeit, auf diesem Wege Radiostationen aus Amerika, aus Asien oder Afrika empfangen werden. In den meisten europäischen Staaten spielt er jedoch kaum noch eine Rolle. Selbst in den USA schwindet der Rückhalt für die „AM“-Sender offenbar. Zwar senden hier noch verhältnismäßig viele Stationen auf den MW-Frequenzen, den Hörerinnen und Hörern scheinen jedoch andere Verbreitungswege wichtiger, zeigt eine Umfrage von Mark Kassof & Co. Demzufolge würden 51% der fast 1300 befragten Hörerinnen und Hörer (Altersgruppe 18-64) die Mittelwelle nicht vermissen, würden die Sender abgeschaltet werden, 18% würden sie „ein bisschen“ vermissen. Nur ein kleiner Teil der Befragten gibt an, an der Mittelwelle zu hängen. Diese Hörer schalten bevorzugt News- und Talksender ein. Bei UKW sieht das Bild übrigens anders aus: 46% hängen an diesem Verbreitungsweg, nur 7% könnten auch ohne leben. Bei dieser Betrachtung sollte jedoch nicht vergessen werden, dass das digitale, mobile Satellitenradio in den USA einen weiteren Verbreitungsweg darstellt, der die überregionale Verbreitung gewährleistet. In Europa gibt es diese Technik nicht, dafür wird in vielen Staaten DAB+ ausgebaut und andere digitale Angebote werden entwickelt, teils aus Mitteln, die durch die MW-Abschaltungen eingespart werden. So können Verbreitungswege und neue Programmelemente entstehen, die besser in den gegenwärtigen, durch digitale Technologien geprägten Alltag passen.

Ein häufig genanntes Argument zum Erhalt der Mittelwellensender: In Katastrophenfällen könnten Mittelwellensender dazu genutzt werden, um Informationen mit nur wenigen Sendestandorten überregional auszustrahlen. Dabei wird jedoch nicht bedacht: Normale elektronische Geräte, die in jedem Haushalt vorhanden sind, können, ohne das der Besitzer es weiß, Störungen erzeugen und somit den Empfang von Mittelwellensendern erschweren, sodass schon jetzt in manchen Städten kein ausreichender MW-Empfang mehr gegeben ist. Jegliches Fachwissen zur Verbesserung des Empfangs droht vergessen zu geraten – oder ist schon längst vergessen.

Denn egal wie sinnvoll der (kostspielige) Erhalt eines oder mehrerer Mittelwellensender wäre: Das manchmal krächzende, rauschende Mittelwellenradio passt nicht mehr in das digitale 21. Jahrhundert. In den vergangenen Jahren ging die Nutzung zurück, Programmveranstalter, die auf Mittelwelle setzten, konnten sich auf dem Markt nicht behaupten. Die Hörgewohnheiten haben sich zu stark verändert, der Hörfunkmarkt hat sich auf besserklingende und in Deutschland wirtschaftlichere Verbreitungswege konzentriert, als dass das „Mittelwellen-Dampfradio“ bestand hätte haben können.

Und so verschwindet, wohl oder übel, ein Stück Radiokultur. Und das vielleicht für immer. Adieu, Mittelwelle!
Bron: http://www.dxaktuell.de/

 
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Di.1-9-2015: HI HI - LOL of the 19th century ?

An article by Lauren Collister, Electronics Publications Associate at University of Pittsburgh, looks at short forms and abbreviations used in the early days of Morse to make messages as concise as possible - a predecessor to today’s textspeak

INFO: Read her article LOL in the age of the Telegraph – CLICK HERE

Bron: www.southgatearc.org

 
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Ma.31-8-2015: NETHERLANDS - The end of an broadcasting era in The Netherlands.

On August 31th a broadcasting era in The Netherlands will, more ore less, ending. On that date the Dutch public radio will leave AM definitely. The transmitters on 747 and 1251, from the oldies station NPO Radio 5 Nostalgia, will be switched off.

Radiobroadcasting on long- and mediumwave related frequencies and in AM technology in Holland did start on the 6 th of November 1919. A Dutch ingeneer with the name Hanso Henricus Schotanus a Idzerda made five years long, four days per week, an evening broadcast. That was from The Hague on 670 mtr. Do lack of money he finally was forced to stop his experiments. A Dutch industrial, Nederlandse Seintoestellenfabriek (NSF), later Philips Telecommunicatie, took over the roll of broadcaster.
The firm build radio’s. For stimulating the retail of their radio receivers, permanent broadcasts were created. The programmes werd commercialy based. In the twenties the Dutch government only made it possible for public broadcasting to make radio in The Netherlands.
A transmittersite was build in the centre of The Netherlands, near the city of Utrecht.

A long wave transmitter, power 120 Kw, frequencie 160 Khz / 1875 mtr. was in use. Later the transmittersite was replaced to the well known historical location Radio Kootwijk. In 1933 Holland became during a conference in Luzern an allocation for 223 Khz / 1345 mtr. This frequencie is never used. Brasov - Hungary also started on 160 Khz. in 1939. In the evening hours there was a lot of interference. A new radioconference in 1940 in Montreux an allocation was given out for The Netherlands on 726 and 843 Khz. During the war 160 stayed in use. A second channel was the 722 Khz / 415.5 mtr. At the end of the war the Germans blew up the 160 Khz. transmitter. Rebuild by the Dutch whit a 15 Kw. unit. The site was switched off in 1950.

In the meantime two mediumwave channels became in use after the war. That was 1007 Khz and 746. I remember listening as a youngster to those main frequencies of Hilversum. Living in the northern part of the Netherlands, reception was reasonable from both 120 Kw. stations near Lopik. In the eveninghours 1007 always fading up and down. The 746 had a lot of zerobeat interference from a station out of the former DDR. In 1978 there was the change into the 9 KHz. spacing on long and mediumwave. Both channels went up 1 Khz., to 1008 and (Jumbo)747 KHz. New transmitters and a new site came in use in 1980. Also the power was much more, 400 Kw. each. Both channels from that moment good and almost interference free, at my location.

Until 2003 the national information program Radio 1 was broadcasted via the 1008. During the summerholidays many Dutch holidayspenders all over Europe had the possibility to listen to a popular daily news summery program at 23.00 hours. After 2003 the transmitter is hired to commercial users. Nowadays a christen gospel station Groot Nieuws Radio is on. Still audible all over Europe every night.

In daytime hours the 747 also was a good contact whit Dutch radio for trucker and cardrivers. The signal covers as far as the former east German border, into the north of French and around the North Sea. I remember during my vacation a better reception, on my R-1000 and a long wire, of Radio 5 in the coastal areas of Denmark than at my home location, for example.

When Radio 1 stopped using the 1008 KHz. protest where heard. But the availability of a nationwide good coverage on FM was the alternative. That is different when 747 is switched off as from the 1th of Septembre. NPO Radio 5 Nostalgia is not on FM. Obviously the switch off has anything to do whit the high costs from a powerfull mediumwave transmitter, it seems to be 1.2 million Euro yearly. The last 5 to 10 years even many mediumwavesites are already closed, everybody knows. Somewhat curious is the fact that 20% of the target audience, the generation that grew up whit mediumwave and fan of the oldie station Radio 5, still uses the 747. So an estimate audience of 200.000 listereners loses their signal. At least as they do not switch over to alternatives like cable, internet, or to DAB +.

Anyhow, the disappearance of the last public radiochannel from mediumwave here in Holland gives me a somewhat nostalgic sad feeling. The end of an era.

What is left are a few commercial and a christian, mostly low power, mediumwave stations in Holland. Whit the only exception the 1008 whit Groot Nieuws Radio, license for daytime 400 Kw,and nighttime 200. But probably for reducing the energy costst on whit 100 Kw. Location the Flevopolder. And there is the relay of Radio 538, Hollands most popular radiostation, on 891 Khz., 22 Kw, from Emmaberg in the southern tip of The Netherlands near Maastricht. I pick up the station in the dark hours here at my homebase, in the northern part of the Netherlands, whit a reasonable signalstrenght. Some co-channel interference on the background and sidesplatter from RAI – Milano. But never the less, also for holidayspenders around The Netherlands, in the eveninghours still a common voice on your world receiver.
Willem Prins, Haren, The Netherlands (30/8-2015)

Copy: Willem Prins

 
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Zo.30-8-2015: EAVESDROPPING ON APOLLO 11

Here is the nearly forgotten story of how a radio amateur successfully detected transmissions from the first men to land on the Moon.

In July of 1969 a ham radio operator and amateur radio-astronomer by the name of Larry Baysinger, W4EJA, accomplished an amazing feat. He independently detected radio transmissions from the Apollo 11 astronauts on the lunar surface.

Fortunately, his accomplishments were recorded by Glenn Rutherford, a young reporter for the Louisville (Kentucky) Courier-Journal.
“Lunar Eavesdropping: Louisvillians hear moon walk talk on homemade equipment.”

Chris Graney

christopher.graney@kctcs.edu

The nearly forgotten story of how a radio amateur successfully detected transmissions from the first men to land on the Moon.

In July of 1969 a ham radio operator and amateur radio-astronomer by the name of Larry Baysinger, W4EJA, accomplished an amazing feat. He independently detected radio transmissions from the Apollo 11 astronauts on the lunar surface. Fortunately, his accomplishments were recorded by Glenn Rutherford, a young reporter for the Louisville (Kentucky) Courier-Journal. “Lunar Eavesdropping: Louisvillians hear moon walk talk on homemade equipment,” sporting Rutherford’s byline, appeared in the Wednesday, July 23, 1969 issue of that paper — front page of section B, the local news section (see Figure 1).

Rutherford opened the Courier story with “Thanks to some homemade electronic equipment, including a rebuilt 20 year old radio receiver from an Army tank (see Figure 2) and an antenna made of spare pieces of aluminum, nylon cord and chicken wire (see Figure 3 and 4), a small band of Louisvillians was able to ‘eavesdrop’ Sunday (July 20) night on the American astronauts’ conversation directly from the moon.”

The story discussed how Baysinger recorded 35 minutes of conversation from VHF signals transmitted between astronauts Armstrong, Aldrin and Collins (he did not attempt to pick up the encoded S-band signals from the main Moon-Earth communication link).1 These 35 minutes included the time during which President Richard Nixon transmitted a message of congratulations to the astronauts.

Rutherford’s story briefly mentioned how Baysinger had been previously successful in constructing a device to detect radio signals from Jupiter and in tracking and reproducing pictures transmitted from Earth-orbiting satellites. It briefly described the antenna used for the lunar eavesdropping project — a fully steerable 8 × 12 foot “corner horn” — and it briefly discussed the amazing sensitivity of the receiver, which Baysinger specially modified for the lunar eavesdropping project. Rutherford finished the story with “Needless to say, the receiver worked to perfection Sunday night.”

Baysinger’s accomplishment earned him some brief recognition — a meeting with the Collins Radio Company, which supplied the communications systems for the Apollo spacecraft. Collins was impressed with Baysinger’s work. Then the story faded into the mists of time. “Lunar Eavesdropping” quietly sat in the rolls of microfilmed Courier-Journal editions in the reference sections of (mostly Kentucky) libraries, awaiting rediscovery.

Providence brought “Lunar Eavesdropping” back to light this summer. Rutherford, now an assistant editor of the central Kentucky newspaper The Record, was interviewing me concerning the productive history-of-astronomy research program operated out of the Jefferson Community & Technical College observatory. Our discussion drifted into the subject of science being done in unexpected places by a small homegrown operation (such as a Kentucky community college observatory).

This prompted Rutherford to mention Baysinger’s work and the attention he got from the Collins Company as another example of interesting, homegrown, small-operation science in Louisville. I was immediately intrigued, especially when Rutherford said he did a story on it that appeared in the Courier-Journal.2 He could not recall the exact date, so a few days later I was rummaging through the microfilm collection at the University of Louisville library. I found Rutherford’s story within an hour (with the help of my wife Tina and son Joe).

When I got back to Rutherford about how I was interested in the story and had found it in the July 23, 1969 Courier-Journal, he mentioned that Baysinger actually still lived in Louisville — retired from a radio career but still active in ham radio. In short order I was talking to Baysinger via phone and e-mail, learning more about the lunar eavesdropping project.

Lost in the Archives

Today a person can sneeze and let the whole world know about it through Twitter or Facebook, so it is hard to believe that the lunar eavesdropping project could have almost completely disappeared into the microfilm drawers — but so it had. Extensive searches through Google, as well as through the EBSCO and JSTOR databases, turned up no references to it at all.3

So how did Larry Baysinger come to be eavesdropping on Apollo 11 the night of July 20, 1969? Baysinger told me that he got interested in radio in the early 1950s, when building a radio from scratch or modifying a military surplus device was common practice. Surplus WWII equipment was both available and inexpensive at that time and Baysinger has fond memories of high school road trips to Lexington (Kentucky) and Indianapolis (Indiana) where a radio enthusiast could find particularly good hunting for military surplus.

His interest and talents in radio eventually led him to career with WHAS 840 AM radio in Louisville. (WHAS and the Courier-Journal were both owned by the Bingham family of Louisville and it was through this connection that Rutherford met Baysinger and became aware of his work.) By the late 1960s Baysinger was working professionally for WHAS and experimenting on the side with radio astronomy and satellite tracking.

The lunar eavesdropping project arose because he had an interest in independently verifying the information that NASA had been providing about the Apollo program. Could he get unedited, unfiltered information about the Apollo 11 landing by eavesdropping on the radio signals transmitted from the lunar surface? Maybe he could find out things that NASA did not want the public to know about. In addition, successfully detecting a transmission from the lunar surface would be a great technical accomplishment. Various “experts” had told him that it could not be done.

Aiming for the Moon

Baysinger says that on the night of the Apollo 11 landing, he and Rutherford had to essentially aim the antenna at the Moon by getting behind it and sighting it like a gun. This was difficult since the weather was cloudy and the Moon not easily visible. The antenna, which was originally built for Baysinger’s radio astronomy work, had a motorized steering mechanism but it had to be manually guided.

Its “beam” or “field of view” was such that, once pointed at the Moon, it could be let go for a little while, but pretty soon it would have to be reaimed because the motions of the Earth and Moon caused the Moon to drift out of the antenna’s field and the signal to be lost. In fact, this was one piece of evidence that the Apollo 11 signals the receiver picked up were indeed from the Moon — if the antenna was not kept aimed at the Moon, the signal disappeared. Baysinger’s wife and daughter watched the Apollo 11 landing on TV while Baysinger and Rutherford listened via Baysinger’s equipment. The signal on the home-built equipment came through approximately 5-10 seconds earlier than the signal on TV. It was noisy, but you could hear what was going on.

I asked Baysinger whether he found anything that NASA edited out — comments about things going wrong, the astronauts being loose with their language or exclamations about meeting space aliens. He said no — absolutely everything was transmitted to the public on TV. In fact he said, “that was kind of disappointing.” Part of the idea of the project was to hear the unedited “real story,” and it turned out there was nothing edited. Indeed, Rutherford’s story makes no mention of hearing anything unusual.

Perhaps because there was nothing to hear that couldn’t be heard on CBS, Baysinger did not attempt to eavesdrop on any other Apollo missions. After Apollo 11 he moved on to other projects. Rutherford moved on to other stories. “Lunar Eavesdropping” was moved on to microfilm.

An unanswered question in this story is whether there were other lunar eavesdropping projects conducted by Amateur Radio operators. This is something that QST readers with long memories can help with. My searching through Google and various databases, asking among those knowledgeable in the history of astronomy and querying various print and Web Amateur Radio publications has turned up only one other case of independent detection of Apollo transmission from the Moon. Sven Grahn and Richard Flagg picked up transmissions from the Apollo 17 command module in orbit around the Moon using a 30 foot radio telescope dish, but they heard only two recognizable voice transmissions, each consisting of only a few words.4

It is possible that there had been other projects like Larry Baysinger’s and perhaps these projects were told in articles like Glenn Rutherford’s. Those projects and their stories might be sitting in a drawer somewhere, waiting for a QST reader to bring them to light.

Lunar Eavesdropping Link

More information on Larry’s lunar eavesdropping, including some audio clips, can be found on Christopher Graney’s Otter Creek-South Harrison Observatory Web page, Lunar Eavesdropping In Louisville, Kentucky.

All photos used with permission of The Courier-Journal, Louisville, Kentucky, except as noted.

Christopher M. Graney is a professor of physics and astronomy at Jefferson Community & Technical College in Louisville, Kentucky. He can be reached at Jefferson Community & Technical College, 1000 Community College Dr, Louisville, KY 40272.

1The S-band covers 2-4 GHz, which encompasses the 2.3-2.31 GHz, 2.39-2.45 GHz and 3.3-3.5 GHz amateur bands. — Ed.

2I was intrigued due to my interest in astronomy’s history (this being an interesting story of radio astronomy). I was also intrigued because both in my classes and in our observatory public outreach programs I encounter people who ask whether I think we really went to the Moon. I thought it would be wonderful in those instances to have “on tap” a story of a local person independently verifying the presence of astronauts on the Moon.

3These searches were done in August 2009. Since then I have discussed “Lunar Eavesdropping” with many people, including those on a history of astronomy e-mail list, so more references to it may now exist. The Courier-Journal has an electronic database of articles, but it does not go back to 1969.

4QST readers interested in this story may want to look at Grahn’s Tracking Apollo 17 from Florida or Flagg’s University of Florida Student Satellite Tracking Station Web pages - SEE MORE INFO: http://www.svengrahn.pp.se/trackind/Apollo17/APOLLO17.htm

Bron: http://www.arrl.org/

 
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Di.2-6-2015: Radio Nordsee International - Campagne “Hou ‘m in de lucht”

Van André kregen we een leuk filmpje toegestuurd over Radio Nordsee International–RNI, dat we ook hier gaarne plaatsen voor geïnteresseerden in de zeezenders van weleer, of gewoon uit nostalgie en een stukje radiohistorie.

HOU ‘M IN DE LUCHT
In de periode van RNI, in de jaren 1973 – 1974 en toen het einde naderde voor de zeezenderpiraten, door wettelijke maatregelen van de regeringen in Europa, kwam er een campagne op gang onder het motto “Hou ‘m in de lucht”. Door een briefkaart te sturen. Voorzien van naam, leeftijd en adres, plus Hfl.5,- extra aan postzegels bij te plakken, werd men lid van RNI. 

BEKIJK VIDEO OUTTAKES RNI “HOU’M IN DE LUCHT” – KLIK HIER

Tnx André
CoolAM Radio - ShortWave 6735
HOT RADIO  -  ShortWave 6735
the Netherlands

 

Offshore Radio Outtakes / RNI - Outtakes - Hou M in de Lucht - Campagne(1973-1974)
http://mfi.re/play/ebf5s84x  or  http://www.mediafire.com/watch/ebf5s84xib45sbb/
Best Free Radio Greets
 
André
CoolAM Radio - ShortWave 6735
HOT RADIO  -  ShortWave 6735
the Netherlands

 
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Wo.6-5-2015: When WLW was the one and only “Super Station” with 500 kW power

Humanities • Back Issues • May/June 2015
Feature

For a Brief Time in the 1930s, Radio Station WLW in Ohio Became America’s One and Only “Super Station”

By Katy June-Friesen | HUMANITIES, May/June 2015 | Volume 36, Number 3


When President Franklin Roosevelt, sitting in the White House, pushed a ceremonial button on his desk in May 1934, a five hundred thousand-watt (500 kW) behemoth stirred in a field outside Cincinnati. Rows of five-foot glass tubes warmed. Water flowed around them at more than six hundred gallons per minute. Dozens of engineers lit filaments and flipped switches, and, within the hour, enough power to supply a town of one hundred thousand coursed through an 831-foot tower.

Thus began WLW’s five-year, twenty-four-hour-a-day experiment: a radio station that used more power and transmitted more miles than any station in the United States had or would. The so-called super station—licensed by the new Federal Communications Commission (FCC) on a temporary basis—amped up the debate among broadcasters, government regulators, and listeners about how radio should be delivered to serve the “public interest,” a mandate laid out in the Radio Act of 1927, and influenced legal, programming, and technical decisions that shape the broadcast system we know today.

Since radio’s beginnings in the early 1920s, industry and government leaders promoted it as the great homogenizer, a cultural uplift project that could, among other things, help modernize and acculturate rural areas. The challenge was how to reach these areas, many of which received few or no radio signals in the mid-1930s. One solution was high-powered, clear-channel stations that could blanket large swaths of the country with a strong signal. These stations operated on “cleared” frequencies that the government assigned to only one station to prevent interference.

WLW had operated on one of forty designated clear channels since 1928. The station’s creator and owner, an entrepreneur, inventor, and manufacturer named Powel Crosley Jr. frequently increased the station’s wattage as technology and regulation allowed. In 1934, when WLW increased its power from 50 kW to 500 kW, all other clear-channel stations were operating at 50 kW or less. Now, WLW had the ability to reach most of the country, especially at night, when AM radio waves interact differently with the earth’s ionosphere and become “skywaves.” People living near the transmitter site often got better reception than they wanted; some lights would not turn off until WLW engineers helped rewire houses. Gutters rattled loose from buildings. A neon hotel sign near the transmitter never went dark. Farmers reported hearing WLW through their barbed-wire fences.

In the early days of broadcast development and regulation, Crosley and WLW sparked debate about what radio should and could be. Could a few clear-channel stations adequately serve—and acculturate—entire regions of listeners? Or would a national network system with local affiliates better target listener needs and interests?

Of course, for most broadcasters and regulators debating these broad delivery systems, “listeners” meant Americans who were white and middle or working class. Programming reinforced presumed middle class values. While some local stations offered programming targeted to ethnic groups, occupations, and even political beliefs, black Americans and other minority groups were largely left out of national radio, except as caricatures—usually played by white people—in comedy programs.

WLW began in 1921 on a wooden bread board. “One day my son visited a friend, and came home with glowing descriptions of a new ‘wireless’ outfit,” Crosley told a magazine in 1948. He agreed to buy his nine-year-old a radio, but when he discovered that sets ran upward of $100, Crosley said he decided to buy instructions and build his own. Amateurs at the time used bread boards as a platform for wires, tubes, and other components of low-cost crystal radio sets. The more expensive, preassembled radios used vacuum tubes and required battery power and had better reception. With plenty of money in the bank from his manufacturing business, Crosley—a curious, driven man whose employees alternately described him as aloof and “one of the boys”—could have afforded the $100 radio. Instead, he took the chance to learn about the new radio technology, firsthand. As always, he was thinking about how he could make it better.

Disappointed with the few, poor-quality program offerings his radio set pulled in, Crosley ordered a twenty-watt transmitter and started an amateur station in the living room of his Cincinnati mansion. “Before I knew it,” he later recalled, “I had virtually forgotten my regular business in my intense interest in radio.” He had made several failed attempts to produce a new automobile, but his regular business at the time—a mail-order auto accessories business, for which he designed gadgets—grossed more than $1 million annually. Crosley’s company also made furniture, including phonograph cabinets. “He knew manufacturing, and he saw radio as the new hot thing,” says Chuck Howell, head of the University of Maryland’s Special Collections in Mass Media and Culture, which houses recordings, photos, documents, and objects related to WLW.

Crosley’s instincts were right—in 1922, there were 60,000 radio sets in use in the United States; one year later, there were 1.5 million. By 1935, two thirds of all homes in the country had one.

Crosley played a big role in this surge. He was the first person to figure out how raw radio components could look better than a nest of wires, Howell says. His manufacturing facilities included a wood-working plant, so he hired a couple of University of Cincinnati engineering students and incorporated mass production techniques à la Henry Ford to pump out a $20 crystal radio set called the Harko—a small wooden box with dials on the front, affordable for the masses. A little more than a year after he wired his first breadboard, Crosley Manufacturing Corporation—soon to be renamed Crosley Radio Corporation—was the world’s largest maker of radio sets and parts. The company made little money at first, but by 1928 Crosley’s profit was more than $3.6 million.

But radios needed programming. More importantly, Crosley’s cheaper, less sensitive radios needed programming with a strong signal. The Department of Commerce, which regulated radio at the time, awarded him a license in 1922 to operate a commercial radio station with the call letters WLW that was based at his Cincinnati manufacturing plant. This allowed Crosley to increase the station’s power from 20 to 50 watts. In 1923, the government cleared Crosley to broadcast at 500 watts. That’s meager by today’s standards, but it was ten times the power most stations were using at the time.

From there it was full speed ahead for the ambitious industrialist, who kept out of the public eye, but was known to do business deals at family weddings. He sought more and more wattage for WLW, so that market reports, weather, recorded music, and variety shows would reach more people. He moved the transmitter to a remote location—the first time a station and transmitter had not occupied the same space. When the new Federal Radio Commission reorganized the crowded broadcasting spectrum in 1927, WLW was assigned the “cleared” 700 kHz frequency. The next year, the FRC green-lighted WLW to broadcast at 50 kilowatts from Mason, Ohio, about twenty-five miles north of Cincinnati. As one of the first stations to regularly broadcast at this level of power—the same maximum allowed for AM stations today—WLW began calling itself “The Nation’s Station.”

When Crosley applied for a license to experiment with 500 kW in 1932, regulators and the broadcasting industry thought WLW might pave the way for a series of clear-channel mega-stations that could provide better service to more people. Crosley hired RCA, GE, and Westinghouse to build a first-of-its-kind, $500,000 transmitter system that filled several buildings and included a 3,600-square-foot outdoor cooling pond. WLW was initially allowed to test high power between 1 a.m. and 6 a.m., and, in May 1934, the station began broadcasting with 500 kW around the clock.

From the 1930s to the 1950s, the nation’s clear channels dominated the radio world. All were owned by or affiliated with the rapidly expanding national networks. Because they brought in the most advertising revenue, clear-channel stations could produce higher-quality and more original content. The most popular programs and radio stars came from clear-channel stations.

During its super-powerful period, WLW carried programs from the NBC Red and NBC Blue networks, as well as a few from CBS. The station also helped start the Mutual Broadcasting System, through which clear-channel stations shared popular programming—such as WXYZ Detroit’s The Lone Ranger and WGN Chicago’s Lum and Abner—with cooperating stations across the country. In 1935, the Mutual Broadcasting System carried the first nighttime major-league baseball game, with WLW rising star Red Barber announcing. In 1937, after leaving the Mutual Broadcasting System, WLW started its own experimental network called the WLW Line, which gave WLW a direct line to advertising’s epicenter through WHN in New York.

WLW helped launch the careers of many radio stars, including Ma Perkins, Andy Williams, Rosemary and Betty Clooney, Red Skelton, and Fats Waller. The station was known for its hillbilly (later known as country) music and “barn dance” programs such as Midwestern Hayride. In the late 1930s, perhaps to emphasize its reach to rural listeners to the FCC, WLW added more agricultural programming and even started an on-site, station-owned farm. Crosley made it easy for owners of his radios to find this programming—his sets had “WLW” marked on the dial.

Other clear channel stations assumed they would soon get the go-ahead for higher power, and they fought to keep their frequencies from being duplicated elsewhere in the country. In the end, however, WLW’s power—both economic and sonic—would be the downfall of the super-powered experiment.

Stations far from Cincinnati but close to WLW on the frequency dial started complaining that WLW was interfering with their signals. (Although WLW had its own cleared frequency, its signal could still cause problems for closely adjacent channels of stations located hundreds of miles away. At the time of their frequency assignments, these stations would not have been powerful enough to broadcast across the same region.) WLW had to build a directional antenna system to reduce its signal strength toward a Toronto, Canada, station. WOR in Newark, New Jersey, which operated at 710 kHz, worried this would intensify WLW’s signal on the East Coast.

WLW continued to operate at 500 kW on temporary authority, renewable every six months, and, in 1936, the Federal Communications Commission began hearings on whether to allow stations to permanently operate at that wattage. In preparation for the hearings, the FCC conducted a survey of rural residents, the population for whom clear channels were thought to be the most beneficial. Respondents in thirteen states rated WLW as their top preferred station.

After the first round of FCC hearings, fifteen more stations applied to use 500 kW. Some had already started building facilities and new transmitters. However, regulators and non-clear-channel broadcasters were beginning to think this was too much power. In 1938, the Senate passed a resolution recommending that the FCC cap station power at 50 kW and voiced concern that superpower stations could deprive smaller stations of network affiliations and national ad revenue. Local and regional stations, who produced more locally focused programs, complained that WLW was encroaching on their ability to sell on-air spots, which was essential to their survival. The head of a group representing local stations without network affiliation told the FCC that “the local station has been in the position of Lazarus, dependent upon the crumbs from the table of Dives.”

Concern that clear channels and networks would monopolize the airwaves continued to mount. Roosevelt, who at the dedication of WLW’s superpower experiment said he was certain WLW would provide “a service managed and conducted for the greater good of all,” was having second thoughts. “The debate over clear channels was the first significant intra-industry dispute in AM radio,” writes media historian James C. Foust in the book Big Voices of the Air: The Battle over Clear Channel Radio. “Until at least the mid-1940s it was arguably the most important regulatory matter before the FRC and FCC, its inherent importance amplified by the intricate relationship it had to many of the radio industry’s other regulatory debates.”

Several years into the FCC hearings, New Jersey’s WOR sued WLW for allegedly interfering with its broadcasts. To prove that WLW was not interfering with other stations’ ability to operate, Crosley sent a team of engineers to the eastern seaboard to measure signal strength and record broadcasts. In a 2006 interview with a University of Maryland archivist, former WLW engineer Bill Alberts recalled the two trips, which took him from Cincinnati to Maine and south to Florida. “What we’d do was drive fifty to a hundred miles along the route, stop, and stay for one or two or three nights—the measurements were made at night . . . because that was skywave time,” he said.

“That was the time that WOR was claiming interference.” The engineers traveled in a car with an antenna attached to the roof and a WLW decal on the side. Alberts says that over two years, they concluded that WOR’s claims were baseless, and, in some cases, WOR was actually interfering with WLW.

In the end, it didn’t matter. In 1939, despite WLW’s extensive testimony before the FCC and its insistence that cutting its power would cut service to people who otherwise had none, regulators decided not to renew WLW’s authority to broadcast at 500 kW. The station had to roll its power back to 50 kW, which is still the maximum wattage allowed today for AM clear-channel stations. The Crosley Corporation eventually appealed to the Supreme Court but was denied.

WLW continued its programming schedule, but with its power downgraded to ordinary levels, Crosley lost interest. His radios no longer dominated the market, and he’d been manufacturing new inventions, such as the Shelvador, the first refrigerator with shelves inside. His catalog of products would come to include Koolrest, a bed cooler and air conditioner; Go-Bi-Bi, a baby car-tricycle hybrid; and X-er-vac, a scalp massager that claimed to stimulate hair growth. But his true love was always cars, and after World War II—flush with capital from making products for the war effort—Crosley sold WLW and the Crosley Corporation to focus on Crosley Motors. He created a midget, European-sized car with an innovative lightweight engine made of sheet metal. Priced under $900, “The Crosley” got fifty miles per gallon and was no frills— initially, it had no upholstery. But Crosley sold only about fifty-thousand vehicles, and his plant shut down in 1952.

Crosley sold his failing auto company and retired from manufacturing, traveling between his various homes and with his Cincinnati Reds. He died of a heart attack in 1961 at the age of seventy-four. WLW continues to broadcast at 50 kW on the AM band. The station’s once groundbreaking transmitter is long retired but preserved, on-site, beside its modern counterpart. WLW still reaches the airwaves via the giant antenna Crosley installed in the 1930s.

About the Author
Katy June-Friesen is a freelance writer and a doctoral student at the Philip Merrill College of Journalism, University of Maryland. Her website is:
INFO – CLICK HERE

Funding Information

An NEH grant of $700,000 was awarded to aid in the preservation of collections in the R. Lee Hornbake Library at the University of Maryland–College Park. The Library of American Broadcasting and the National Public Broadcasting Archives are part of the library’s collections and were used in the writing of this article.

PHOTO'S & ORIGINAL - CLICK HERE

Bron:swling.com / neh.gov/humanities

 
MonitoringTimesCover.jpg

Za.2-5-2015: American Radio History site adds Monitoring Times issues

by Thomas  

MonitoringTimesCover

The American Radio History website has just announced the addition of 75 issues of the late Monitoring Times magazine to their free downloads archive. These issues span 1983-1993, making a nice stroll down memory lane for many of us.

INFO: To view on the American Radio History website - CLICK HERE

Bron:swling.com

 

Wo.29-4-2015: Beeld en Geluid plaatst honderden opnames van Radio Oranje

Het Nederlands Instituut voor Beeld en Geluid publiceert in de aanloop naar 4 en 5 mei een bijzonder deel van zijn Tweede Wereldoorlog-collectie. Het Radio Oranje-archief, bijna 200 uitzendingen, is voor het eerst in zijn geheel online te beluisteren.

Het Radio Oranje-archief is voor het eerst volledig te beluisteren op de collectiewebsite van Beeld en Geluid.

Het programma van de Nederlandse regering in ballingschap werd vanaf 28 juli 1940 dagelijks uitgezonden door de BBC European Service. De bezetter verbood de Nederlandse bevolking naar het programma te luisteren en deed radio-ontvangers in 1943 volledig in de ban.

Onder de opnames zijn naast de bekende toespraken van koningin Wilhelmina, ook nieuwsberichten en ooggetuigenverslagen van militairen. Zo is er een verslag van de ontsnapping van vice-admiraal Frits Kruimink uit Kamp Stanislau, een reddingsoperatie op Borneo, een interview met drie jongens die naar Engeland wisten te vluchten en een reportage over het leven op een onderzeeër. Ook zijn er codeberichten voor het verzet en cabaretuitvoeringen te horen.

Vanwege de hoge kosten van opnames werd slechts een klein gedeelte van de uitzendingen vastgelegd, wat de bewaard gebleven fragmenten extra bijzonder maakt. In de online collectie ontbreken alleen opnames waarvan het geluid door de tand des tijds te slecht is om terug te luisteren.

Beeld en Geluid heeft ook veel filmmatariaal geplaatst over twee specifieke periodes in de oorlog: 1940 en 1945. Zo zijn er haarscherpe beelden beschikbaar uit een Duitse propagandafilm over de inval van Nederland, met onder andere het bombardement op Rotterdam en luchtopnames van de stad in puin.

Ook te zien zijn de beelden van de ravage bij de gevechtsterreinen aan de IJssel en op de Grebbeberg, Seys-Inquart die een SS-bataljon toespreekt op het Binnenhof, Canadezen die vechten voor de bevrijding van Groningen en de publieke arrestaties van NSB’ers, die worden uitgejouwd en meegevoerd over straat.

Daarnaast wordt het dagelijks leven in beeld gebracht: soldaten die op straat met kinderen spelen, zwemmende prinsesjes in Canada en het voedselrantsoen tijdens de hongerwinter. Bijzonder zijn kleurenfilms van een vooroorlogs Amsterdam en de bevrijdingsfeesten in de hoofdstad. Deze amateurfilms zijn twee van de weinige kleurenfilms uit deze periode.

KIJK & LUISTER - KLIK HIER

RadioNL (Martin Slijper)

Bron:muziekmuseum.skynetblogs.be

 

Za.25-4-2015: QSL-nostalgie van Wim Houtman – PA0RB (SK)

Van Wim Houtman jr. – PA3ADE, zoon van Wim – PA0RB (sk), ontvingen we een paar foto’s van oude QSL-kaarten, die nog in een doos werden gevonden.
Voor de nog in leven zijnde zendamateurs, met dezelfde jaargang als die van Wim – PA0RB, is dit stukje nostalgie uit die tijd wellicht bijzonder leuk.
Hartelijk dank, Wim, voor deze geste en misschien ook een aanrader voor andere zendamateurs ons soortgelijke items toe te sturen, om op de website te plaatsen.

 

QSL-nostalgie van Wim Houtman – PA0RB (SK)

 

Ma.20-4-2015: Retro Radio:Er was eens het (dagelijks) 'Soldaten(half)uurtje'...

BELGIË

Een paar jaren geleden was via Canvas het programma 'Den Troep' terug wat in de (nostalgische) belangstelling.
Voor velen van ons (en ook wijzelf dus die keken) aanleiding om toch nog eens terug te denken aan onze gratis (enfin onze soldij van 15 fr. en later 20 fr.per dag...althans in mijn 'diensttijd' niet te na gesproken) 'verplichte' service (of inbreng) aan het land gedurende 12 maanden (wat mijzelf dan wel betreft).Ook wij waren dus bij 'Den troep'....

LEES VERDER - KLIK HIER

Pieter Van Banden

Bron:muziekmuseum.skynetblogs.be

 

Zo.19-4-2015: Pirate Radio Recordings - Rado Casablanca

by Thomas  

PHOTO: Poster - Casablanca_13

Thursday night at 00:00 UTC, I was pleased to hear the interval signal of one of my favorite pirate radio stations: Radio Casablanca.

“Rick Blaine” fired up his AM transmitter and pumped out some amazing WWII era music on 6,940 kHz for well over one hour and a half. This is the first time I’ve been able to catch Radio Casablanca in well over a year:

TO LISTEN PREVIOUS RECORDINGS - CLICK HERE

Close your eyes and imagine what it must have been like to hear the great bands of the era over the shortwaves…

WANT TO LISTEN - CLICK HERE

Bron:swling.com

 

Do.16-4-2015: Radio ham first to pick up Titanic's distress call

The South Wales Argus reports radio amateur Artie Moore (MNX) was the first to receive the Titanic's distress call but no-one believed him

Artie Moore, was at his home at Gelligroes Mill in Pontllanfraith, when he picked up the SOS signal sent from the Titantic as she started sinking on April 15, 1912. He received a faint Morse code transmission which said "Require immediate assistance. Come at once we have struck an iceberg. Sinking, we are putting the women off in the boats."

He raced to the local police station to inform officers of the terrible news, but nobody believed him.

Read the full story - CLICK HERE

Bron:southgatearc.org

 

Zo.18-1-2015: Shortwave Radio Recordings Radio Netherlands

by Thomas  

RadioNederlandLast week, I received a message from Peter De Groot, who announced a special broadcast of Radio Netherlands Worldwide (RNW).

RNW has been off the air for more than 2.5 years, so we can assume this was not sponsored by RNW.

Though scheduling (and the fact I forgot to start a spectrum recording–!) interfered with my ability to listen to the first broadcast on January 17, I was able to catch the January 18 broadcast at 01:00 UTC on 7,570 kHz. The show was relayed by WRMI.

The broadcast came in so strong, when I heard the interval signal, it instantly transported me back to the days when Hilversum targeted eastern North America. Gave me chill bumps.

I was able to record the entire program but did not include the WRMI station ID before and after the special.

For your listening pleasure, one full hour of Radio Netherlands Worldwide via WRMI in Florida USA–click below to download the recording as an MP3. Enjoy:

LISTEN RADIO NETHERLANDS  - CLICK HERE

This recording was made with my Elad FDM-S2 hooked up to a large horizontal delta loop antenna.

Note: I will reach out to WRMI to see if the person or group behind the broadcast plans to issue QSL cards.

Bron:swling.com

 

Ma.12-1-2015: NDR schaltet Mittelwelle ab

Foto: NDR-Sender Hemmingen

Sender Hemmingen; MW-Reusenantenne mit Isolatoren schwach als dunkler Schatten erkennbar (Foto anonym via Wikipedia)
Nach Auskunft des Norddeutschen Rundfunks ist die Abschaltung seiner Mittelwellensender am 13. Januar für 9.00 Uhr angesetzt. Dabei handelt es sich, abhängig von den technischen Gegebenheiten, möglicherweise um manuell vor Ort vorzunehmende Bedienungshandlungen. In der Praxis könnte daher auch mit zufälligen Zeitpunkten im Laufe des Vormittags zu rechnen sein.

„Einige Funkamateure“ aus Hannover teilen ihre Absicht mit, die dortige Mittelwelle „nicht ganz sang- und klanglos untergehen zu lassen“ und sich deshalb um 13.00 Uhr vor der Sendeanlage Hemmingen zu „einer symbolischen Kranzniederlegung“ zu treffen. Hierzu seien auch alle anderen Interessenten herzlich eingeladen.

(Recherchen von Herbert Meixner und Christoph Ratzer; Stand vom 12.01.2015)

 


Zo.11-1-2015: Zu diesem Thema veröffentlichte die Zeitung „Kieler Nachrichten“ einen Bericht, der sich auf den wegfallenden Mittelwellenempfang der Seewetterberichte konzentriert. Wie das Blatt schreibt, gebe es Erwägungen des Deutschen Wetterdienstes, seine Sendeanlage in Pinneberg bei Hamburg für Sprachübertragungen zu nutzen. Ob es dazu kommt, sei noch offen.

Wie aus anderweitigen technischen Vorarbeiten geschlossen werden kann, scheint die Idee des DWD darauf hinauszulaufen, die gesprochenen Seewetterberichte ggf. auf Kurzwellenfrequenzen im 49-Meterband des Rundfunks auszustrahlen. Ergänzt würden damit die DWD-Dienste in Funkfernschreib- und Faxformaten, die aus Pinneberg auf Lang- und Kurzwelle gesendet werden. Hierzu passende Empfangsgeräte sind im einschlägigen Fachhandel verfügbar.

(Stand vom 11.01.2015)

 


Za.20-12-2014: Der Norddeutsche Rundfunk nimmt seine Mittelwellensender zum Jahresbeginn 2015, voraussichtlich am 13. Januar, außer Betrieb. Entsprechende Berichte bestätigte der NDR auf Anfrage.

Die derzeit nur über die Mittelwellensender auf 702 und 972 kHz ausgestrahlten Seewetterberichte sollen unverändert weitergeführt und in das generelle Programm von NDR Info Spezial übernommen werden. Ebenso unangetastet bleiben soll die zusätzliche UKW-Ausstrahlung der Ausgabe um 0.05 Uhr, die in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern das eigenständige Nachtprogramm von NDR Info unterbricht.

Neben dem Hauptsender Hamburg auf 972 kHz betrifft die Abschaltung auch Sender in Hemmingen bei Hannover, Flensburg sowie Lingen. Der Standort Hemmingen geht auf das Jahr 1946 zurück; er ersetzte seinerzeit den Sender in Hannover-Heinholz, den die Wehrmacht bei ihrem Rückzug am 7. April 1945 zerstört hatte.

Der ursprüngliche, 110 Meter hohe Mittelwellenmast in Hemmingen ist inzwischen abgerissen. Abgestrahlt wird das Mittelwellensignal auf 828 kHz seit 2000 mit einer Reusenantenne, die am UKW/TV-Mast angebracht ist.

Die typischen, in unmittelbarer Nähe von AM-Sendeanlagen auftretenden Effekte führten in den 90er Jahren zu kritischen Diskussionen über den Mittelwellenbetrieb in Hemmingen. Als Reaktion reduzierte der NDR hier 1997 die Sendeleistung von ursprünglich 50 auf 20 kW. Nachts bleibt sie ohnehin auf 5 kW beschränkt, da der bis Anfang 2012 ebenfalls auf 828 kHz betriebene Sender des Südwestrundfunks in Freiburg zu schützen war.

Ergänzt werden die Mittelwellenstandorte Hamburg und Hannover durch zwei weitere Sender mit jeweils 5 kW Leistung, und zwar in Flensburg auf 702 kHz sowie in Lingen auf 792 kHz.

Der „Nebensender“ Flensburg stand zum Ende des zweiten Weltkriegs als letzter noch unter Kontrolle der zuletzt von Karl Dönitz in Flensburg geführten NS-Regierung. Weithin bekannt ist der hier am 9. Mai 1945 ausgestrahlte „letzte Wehrmachtsbericht dieses Krieges“. Dieser historische Standort in Flensburg-Jürgensby war 1988 durch die heutige Sendeanlage Flensburg-Vogelsang ersetzt und 1990 demontiert worden.

Von den weiteren, schon vor geraumer Zeit stillgelegten Mittelwellenanlagen des NDR hervorzuheben ist der Standort Osterloog bei Norden. Dort war 1939 ein 100 kW starker Sender für Auslandssendungen in Richtung Großbritannien in Betrieb gegangen. Ab 1946 übertrug er umgekehrt Auslandsprogramme der BBC, bis er 1962 auf gleicher, heute 1296 kHz lautender Frequenz durch Sendeanlagen in England abgelöst wurde.

Mit einem ersten, 1950 installierten Kurzwellensender wurde Osterloog zugleich zur Keimzelle der späteren Deutschen Welle. Den Kurzwellenbetrieb aus Osterloog löste 1957 die neu errichtete Sendeanlage in Jülich ab. Nach dem Rückzug der BBC verkaufte der NDR die Sendestation an die Deutsche Bundespost, die den Standort für ihren Kurzwellen-Seefunk (Norddeich Radio) nutzte und hierfür völlig umbaute.

Zu erwähnen ist auch der vom Sender Freies Berlin mitfinanzierte und mitgenutzte Mittelwellensender bei Dannenberg. Er arbeitete von 1980 bis 1998 tagsüber auf 630 kHz.

Eine Fußnote der Rundfunkgeschichte blieb die Nutzung von Mittelwellensendern in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern durch den NDR. Von 1992 bis 1994 mit dem Mittelwellenprogramm des NDR bespielt wurden die Sender Rostock auf 558 kHz und Wöbbelin auf 576 kHz. Bis zum Jahresende 1996 Bestand hatte die Nutzung der Sender Neubrandenburg auf 657 kHz und Putbus auf 729 kHz.

Diese Sender wurden, wie auf dem Gebiet der früheren DDR stets der Fall, von den Nachfolgestrukturen des Rundfunkbetriebs der Deutschen Post (damit seinerzeit der Deutschen Telekom) betrieben. Die Abkündigung der Sender führte auch zu der Sonderregelung, die Nachtausgabe des Seewetterberichtes in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern auf UKW auszustrahlen.

(Autor: Kai Ludwig; Stand vom 20.12.2014)

Bron:radioeins.de

 

Ma12-1-2015: Shortwave Radio Recordings...

...Radio Berlin International, Final episode of DX-tra

Posted on January 11, 2015 by Thomas

Many thanks to Shortwave Radio Audio Archive contributor, Richard Langley, who writes:

The following is a recording of the penultimate English broadcast from Radio Berlin International (RBI) and the last broadcast in the particular time slot. It was also the last broadcast of the popular DX program DX-tra.

RBI ceased broadcasting at the end of the day on 2 October 1990, the day before German reunification took place.

In addition to the final episode of DX-tra, the recording features the news (in progress as the recording starts a minute or two after 00:45), Commentary, RBI Press Review, and Spotlight on Sport. There are several “goodbye” songs including “The Final Countdown” by the Swedish hard rock band Europe, and “Goodbye Blue Sky” by Pink Floyd and some announcer goodbye comments like “the voice of the disappearing German Democratic Republic,” “that was it,” and “the last day of the good old GDR.”

The 45-minute recording ends with the familiar RBI interval signal and, at 01:30 UTC, the first part of the German-language transmission, also the last in its time slot.

This recording was made in Hanwell, NB, Canada, with a Sony ICF-7600D receiver and supplied wire antenna draped around Richard’s home office. This recording begins around 0045 UTC, October 2, 1990 on a frequency of 9,730 kHz.

CLICK HERE to download this recording as an MP3:

Bron:swling.com